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lunes, julio 18, 2005

What is the ILC?

To provide some context for the post above, here’s a description of the International Labor Organisation’s annual conference, pulled from their website.

Following is the complete list of Venezuela’s delegates this year.

The International Labour Conference

The member States of the ILO meet at the International Labour Conference, held every year in Geneva, Switzerland, in the month of June.

Each member State is represented by a delegation consisting of two government delegates, an employer delegate, a worker delegate, and their respective advisers. (Employer and Worker delegates are nominated in agreement with the most representative national organizations of employers and workers.)

Every delegate has the same rights, and all can express themselves freely and vote as they wish. So it happens that worker and employer delegates sometimes vote against their government's representatives or against each other. This diversity of viewpoints, however, does not prevent decisions being adopted by very large majorities, or in some cases even unanimously.

Many of the government representatives are cabinet ministers responsible for labour affairs in their own countries. Heads of State and prime ministers also take the floor at the Conference. International organizations, both governmental and others, attend as observers.

The Conference, which is often called an international parliament of labour, has several main tasks.

First, there is the crafting and adoption of international labour standards in the form of Conventions and Recommendations. Conventions are international treaties that, once adopted by the Conference, are open to ratification by member States. Ratification creates a legal obligation to apply the provisions of the Convention in question. Recommendations, on the other hand, are intended to guide national action, but are not open to ratification, and are not legally binding.

The Conference also supervises the application of Conventions and Recommendations at the national level. It examines the reports which the governments of all member States are required to submit, detailing their compliance with obligations arising out of ratified Conventions, and their law and practice in respect of Conventions and Recommendations (ratified or not) on which reports have been requested by the Governing Body of the ILO.

Since the adoption of the Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work (1998), another important function of the Conference is to examine the Global Report prepared by the Office under the follow-up procedure required by the Declaration. Over a four-year cycle, the Conference examines in turn Global Reports covering the four fundamental rights, namely: (a) freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining; (b) the elimination of all forms of forced or compulsory labour; (c) the effective abolition of child labour; and (d) the elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation.

The Conference is also a forum where social and labour questions of importance to the entire world are discussed freely - sometimes passionately. Delegates explore the course of social progress in the world, but the central theme is the report presented each year by the ILO's Director-General. In recent years, these reports have addressed: Social insurance and social protection (1993), Defending values, promoting change: Social justice in a global economy (1994), Promoting employment (1995), The ILO, standard setting and globalization (1997), Decent Work (1999), Reducing the decent work deficit: A global challenge (2001) and A fair globalization: Creating opportunities for all (2004).

The Conference also passes resolutions that provide guidelines for the ILO's general policy and future activities.

Every two years the Conference adopts the ILO's biennial work programme and budget, which is financed by member States.


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Venezuela’s Delegation to the 93rd International Labor Conference, June 2005, Geneva

Ministro asistente a la Conferencia
IGLESIAS, María Cristina, Sra., Ministra del Trabajo.


Delegados gubernamentales

DORADO CANO, Manuel Ricardo, Sr., Viceministro del Trabajo.
CARRERO CUBEROS, Bernabé, Sr., Embajador, Representante Permanente, Misión Permanente, Ginebra.

Consejeros técnicos y delegados suplentes
MOLINA, Rubén Darío, Sr., Director, Oficina de Relaciones Internacionales y Enlace con la OIT, Ministerio de Trabajo.
POITEVIEN, Raquel, Sra., Embajadora, Alterna Representante Permanente, Misión Permanente, Ginebra.

Consejeros técnicos
HANDS, Rafael, Sr., Consejero, Misión Permanente, Ginebra.
ARIAS, Juan, Sr., Asesor Político, Misión Permanente, Ginebra.
MONTENEGRO, Enrique, Sr., Director General, Instituto Nacional de Prevención, Salud y Seguridad Laborales (INPSASEL).
NAVAS, Rogel, Sr., Director, Análisis del Mercato del Trabajo.
SARAGAY, Dwight, Sr., Supervisor Jefe, Unidad de Supervisión de Maturin, Edo. Monagas, Ministerio del Trabajo.
MANZOUL CAMPOS, Dellis, Sr., Diputado, Comisión de Desarrollo Social de la Asamblea Nacional.
KHAN, José, Sr., Diputado, Comisión de Desarrollo Social de la Asamblea Nacional.
GIMÉNEZ, Tulio, Sr., Diputado, Comisión de Desarrollo Social de la Asamblea Nacional.
HANDS, Maria Antonietta, Sra.
MENA ALARCON, Esther, Sra.
LYNN, Patricia, Srta.


Delegado de los empleadores

MUÑOZ, Albis, Sra., Presidente, Federación de Cámaras y Asociaciones de Comercio y Producción de Venezuela (FEDECAMARAS).

Consejeros técnicos
DE ARBELOA, Bingen, Sr., FEDECAMARAS.
VALDERRAMA, Miguel, Sr., Federación de Artesanos, Micros Pequeños y Medianos Industriales de Venezuela (FEDEINDUSTRIA).
DE LA ROSA MARTINEZ, Keyla Margarita, Sra., Empresarios por Venezuela (EMPREVEN).
MEDINA, Hector, Sr., Confederación de Agricultores y Ganaderos de Venezuela (CONFAGAN).
BRITO, Vicente, Sr., FEDECAMARAS.
GARRIDO SOTO, Alexis, Sr., FEDECAMARAS.
RANGHI, Spartaco, Sr., FEDEINDUSTRIA.
SANTARO, José Luis, Sr., FEDEINDUSTRIA.

Otras personas que asisten a la Conferencia
GUINAND, Agusto, Sr., EMPREVEN.
PRADO, Jorge, Sr., CONFAGAN.
REQUENA, Ricardo, Sr., FEDECAMARAS.
VILLASMIL, Ernesto, Sr., FEDECAMARAS.
ARIAS, María Elena, Sra., FEDECAMARAS.
GUITIÉRREZ, Angel, Sr., FEDEINDUSTRIA.
RODRÍGUEZ, Antonio, Sr., EMPREVEN.
FITZGERALD, Lya, Sra., FEDECAMARAS.
MARURI, Cloe, Sr., FEDECAMARAS.
RODRÍGUEZ, Guillermo, Sr., EMPREVEN.
KHALIL, Majed, Sr., EMPREVEN.
RODRÍGUEZ, Rosa, Sra., EMPREVEN.


Delegado de los trabajadores

DÍAZ, Jesús Asdrúbal, Sr., Secretario, Relaciones Internacionales del Comité Ejecutivo, Confederación General de Trabajadores de Venezuela (CGT).

Consejeros técnicos
MÀSPERO, Marcela, Sra., Coordinación General, Unión Nacional de Trabajadores (UNT); Presidenta, Federación Nacional de Trabajadores de Medicina, Cosméticos y Farmacéuticos (FETRAMECO).
IBARRA, José Gregorio, Sr., Secretario, Relaciones Internacionales del Comité Ejecutivo, Central Unitaria de Trabajadores de Venezuela (CUTV).
COVA, Manuel, Sr., Secretario General, Confederación General de Trabajadores de Venezuela (CTV).
INFANTE, Carlos, Sr., Presidente, Confederación de Sindicatos Autónomos de Venezuela (CODESA).
RODRÍGUEZ, Antonio Maria, Sr., Comité Ejecutivo, CGT.
MUDARAI, Placido, Sr., CODESA.
CHIRINO, Orlando, Sr., Coordinación Nacional, UNT.
EUSSE, Pedro, Sr., Secretario General, CUTV.

Otras personas que asisten a la Conferencia
CHIRENO, Juana María, Sra., Secretaría General, CGT.
PAIVA, Juan, Sr., CUTV.
DIAZ, Marco Tulio, Sr., UNETE.
MACIAS, Eugenio, Sr., CODESA.
RAMOS, Juana, Sra., CGT.
DELGADO, Eduardo, Sr., CGT.
QUIJADA, Frank, Sr., UNETE.
LEAL, Leny, Sr., UNETE.
SERRANO, Luis, Sr., UNETE.
NAVARRO, José, Sr., UNETE.
GARCÍA, Marco, Sr., UNETE.
MARCANO, Angel, Sr., UNETE.
ANTILLANA, Félix, Sr., UNETE.
RONDÓN, José, Sr., UNETE.

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